Fourth Fortnight of Parliamentary Election in Ukraine: Ballots thrown into Trash Can?

Sep 27th, 2012 | By | Category: Election 2012, News, Ukraine

5th Summary of “Maidan Monitoring: Election 2012” Project Findings

 Parliamentary election campaign in Ukraine officially started on July 30th 2012. What had happened before that date we described in our previous reports (report #1 and report #2 and report #3 and report #4).

There were 772 violations added to our interactive map http://maidan.org.ua/vybory2012/?l=en_US  as of Wednesday 25th of September, 230 of which relate to the events happened during the last fortnight (compared to 205 in last summary).

 

The most widespread still were campaign agitation order violations, 159 total (same as last fortnight).

68 cases document administrative pressure of different sorts (compared to 77 in previous summary). No new trends emerged since our last analytical report.

There were 41 cases of bribery of voters reported (66 during last fortnight) – nothing new as well.

32 cases of fraud were reported (29 in last summary).

30 reports deal with inequality of participants (compared to 21 in the last summary).

There were 27 cases of illegal campaign financing reported (compared to 33 in last summary).

There were 23 reports of obstruction of agitation (of 42 during the whole campaign).  These cases include anonymous vandalism towards advertising materials of candidates, physical interference with work of the agitators, including destruction of tents and stealing the newspapers and leaflets. Big boards with political advertising are being damaged or removed completely.

Most dramatic act of electoral violence and obstruction of agitation happened in Kharkiv on September 19th when the opposition candidate Aleksandr Kirsh was meeting with electors and someone poured at him a bottle of medical alcohol based solution used as antiseptic medicine (the local name of the liquid in question is “zelenka”). Aleksandr had narrowly escaped getting the solution in his eye which could cause serious damage.

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In Izmail the Party of regions activist were trying to obstruct the opposition meeting and even used smoke bombs. Watch it yourself.

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Such reports of obstruction of agitation are numerous and always similar. People with flags of Party of regions and loudspeakers approach an opposition meeting and try to thwart it by shouting and blasting music through loudspeakers. Police never interferes even when asked to. According to law, police should provide safety to participants of concurring meetings and safely separate them. As a matter of fact, police failed to perform that duty before the election and has been failing to do that since the election start.

There are numerous reports of police and presumably plain-clothes policemen trying to stop activists from handing out leaflets calling not to vote for Party of regions or particular candidates.

There were 9 cases of direct violence (5 in last summary). Most notable is the beating of an aide of an opposition candidate near Kyiv.

There were 7 cases of unlawful coercion (same as in previous period). All deal with government pressure on teachers and other budget financed staff to participate in political agitation of certain candidates.

7 reports describe illegal publication of sociology data – either fake or incomplete reports.

There were 6 cases of mass media rights violation documented (5 in last summary).

Note that some cases included several categories of violations.

 

The real hit of this period are the violations in functioning of election commissions (25 reports out of 35 total). There are 76 more reports like this in moderation queue waiting for the evidence or the results of lawsuits.

These violations may have a major impact on the results of election as they describe how the membership in precinct election commission (PEC) was acquired. The drawing of party and candidate presence in PECs was done by the district election commissions (DEC). The procedure of drawing was not defined by the legislator or central election commission in details. So DECs decided how to draw the membership themselves and were using different techniques which included balls in a bin, rolled in papers and everything medieval they could think of. Major abuses of drawing procedure were reported from many locations.

In Kremenchuk REC #146 the drawing of membership in DEC was performed from that blue can.

In Poltava DEC #151 the “ballots” for drawing were carefully prepared – compare the length.

Leaflets of Party of regions in Yenakievo at the REC #53

Serious problems were detected prior to the drawing such as:

  1. mass duplicate submissions of same people to different PECs and from different parties, lots of these people had no clue they were on the lists;
  2. applications filed later than the mandatory term of 12th of September;
  3. applications not dated, not signed;
  4. application signature differs from the one in passport page scan;
  5. application birthdate differs from the one in passport page scan.

In Ternopil region the activists’ “Coalition for transparent election” documented 700 duplication submissions to DEC #166 and 1700 to DEC #167.  They had found dead people in submissions as well as teenagers.

In Brovary near Kyiv the assembly of DEC #97 that should have made the drawing on September 19th – the deadline set by the central election commission – was continuing for 6 days!

In Chudniv near Zhytomir DEC #67 was forced by the court to make several re-drawings.

The result of these manipulations is the same country wide – the majority of PEC members belong to the so called technical parties – virtual entities that come alive only for election period and do not campaign in any way.

In many regions it was reported that during the drawing members of PEC were using… the rulers with Party of regions logo. There are reports from Donetsk region and Crimea of political advertising of Party of regions displayed right in the RECs.

The ruler with logo of Party of regions which was used in Zborov near Ternopil at the REC #165.

Note that only about 25% of reports we are getting are published on our map due to strict requirements of evidence provided.

 

Most violations reported during that period were localized in Kyiv city (36), Odesa region (26), Ternopil region (19), Kharkiv region (13), Luhansk region (11).

 

From now on the summaries will be published weekly. There will also by topical summaries.

We had introduced new feature on our monitoring site – real time tables of violation stats. They can be accessed here http://maidan.org.ua/vybory2012/stats/en/  or from top menu of the map “STATS”. At the bottom of page you can find the link to download Excel tables. The tables are interactive – click and hover over everything. There are stats by locations, by districts, etc.

 


“Maidan-Monitoring: Election 2012” project is implemented by Civic Information and Methodology Center “Vsesvit”. It is supported by the International Renaissance Foundation. The project is not affiliated with any political party or candidate. We map the violations of electoral law submitted by any party or candidate if it meets the project requirements – video or photo evidence, background check and is evaluated by our lawyers as possible violation. Read more about the project.

4 Comments to “Fourth Fortnight of Parliamentary Election in Ukraine: Ballots thrown into Trash Can?”

  1. […] The risk of falsification is foreseen by many election observers mostly due to numerous reports of violations in the functioning of the election commissions, namely the formation of district election commission and drawing of membership in precinct election commissions described in this report. […]

  2. […] Parliamentary election campaign in Ukraine officially started on July 30th 2012. What had happened before that date we described in our previous reports (report #1, report #2, report #3, report #4 and report #5). […]

  3. […] 7. Fourth Fortnight of Parliamentary Election in Ukraine: Ballots thrown into Trash Can? […]

  4. […] What had happened before that date we described in our previous reports (report #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, […]

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